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Butterflies (Rhopalocera)
The division into butterflies and moths is not official, but it is used quite often. Butterflies have wide wings in various colors and fly during the day, so they are very noticeable and therefore interesting to nature lovers. 197 species of butterflies have been recorded in Croatia.
Papilionidae
Swallowtails
Papilionidae (Latreille, 1802)
Swallowtails are big butterflies of which is in Croatia known only 7 species. One group's base color is yellow with tails on the hind wings while the second group's base color is white with red markings shaped like an eye.
Number of species: 7
[Number of photos: 96]
Pieridae
Whites and Allies
Pieridae (Swainson, 1820)
Whites have white or yellow rounded wings with black spots. In Croatia you can find 21 species.
Number of species: 22
[Number of photos: 253]
Lycaenidae
Gossamer-wings
Lycaenidae (Leach, 1815)
Gossamer-winged butterflies are small butterflies mostly blue, brown or red on the upper side wings while on the underside have characteristic patterns. It's a large family represented in Croatia with 55 species.
Number of species: 55
[Number of photos: 610]
Riodinidae
Metalmarks
Riodinidae (Grote, 1895)
Metalmarks are close relatives of Gossamer-winged butterflies and were actually quite long considered as subfamily of Gossamer-winged butterflies. Most species live in tropical America, while in Europe (including Croatia) there is only a single species.
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 18]
Nymphalidae
Brush-footed butterflies
Nymphalidae (Rafinesque, 1815)
Brush-footed butterflies are very different in shape and color. If you exclude browns which are presented separately, in Croatia you can find 45 species of brush-footed butterflies.
Number of species: 45
[Number of photos: 692]
Satyrinae
Browns
Satyrinae (Boisduval, 1833)
Subfamily of browns belongs to the family of brush-footed butterflies. They are presented here separately because they were considered a distinct family and because of the large number of species. There was 43 species recorded in Croatia. Characteristics of browns are rounded wings of various shades of brown and markings shaped like an eye.
Number of species: 43
[Number of photos: 585]
Hesperiidae
Skippers
Hesperiidae (Latreille, 1809)
Skippers look like moths, but they fly by day. They are small butterflies with thick body whose basic color of wings is black or brown. There are 24 species present in Croatia.
Number of species: 24
[Number of photos: 231]
Moths (Heterocera)
There is a lot more moths than butterflies, but are seldom met because they are small, well-camouflaged and fly mostly at night. Croatia has about 3000 species of moths (butterflies only 197). Here are presented more frequent and larger species.
Saturniidae
Saturniids
Saturniidae
Number of species: 5
[Number of photos: 13]
Sphingidae
Hawk Moths
Sphingidae (Latreille, 1802)
Number of species: 10
[Number of photos: 22]
Drepanidae
Hook-tips
Drepanidae (Meyrick, 1895)
Number of species: 5
[Number of photos: 5]
Geometridae
Geometer Moths
Geometridae (Leach, 1815)
Number of species: 31
[Number of photos: 46]
Lasiocampidae
Eggars
Lasiocampidae (Harris, 1841)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 1]
Erebidae
Erebidae
Erebidae (Leach, 1815)
Number of species: 15
[Number of photos: 55]
Noctuidae
Owlet Moths
Noctuidae (Latreille, 1809)
Number of species: 22
[Number of photos: 28]
Nolidae
Tuft Moths
Nolidae (Bruand, 1847)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 1]
Hepialidae
Swift Moths
Hepialidae (Stephens, 1829)
Number of species: 2
[Number of photos: 3]
Zygaenidae
Burnet Moths
Zygaenidae (Latreille, 1809)
Number of species: 7
[Number of photos: 39]
Cossidae
Miller Moths
Cossidae (Leach, 1815)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 2]
Sesiidae
Clearwing Moths
Sesiidae (Boisduval, 1828)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 1]
Gelechiidae
Twirler Moths
Gelechiidae (Stainton, 1854)
Number of species: 2
[Number of photos: 2]
Crambidae
Grass Moths
Crambidae (Latreille, 1810)
Number of species: 3
[Number of photos: 5]
Pterophoridae
Plume Moths
Pterophoridae (Zeller, 1841)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 3]
Pyralidae
Pyralid Moths
Pyralidae (Latreille, 1809)
Number of species: 3
[Number of photos: 3]
Tineidae
Fungus Moths
Tineidae (Latreille, 1810)
Number of species: 1
[Number of photos: 3]
Tortricidae
Leafroller Moths
Tortricidae (Latreille, 1803)
Number of species: 2
[Number of photos: 2]
Other
Butterfly habitats, unidentified butterflies and moths or not present in Croatia
Butterflies
Other butterflies
Unidentified butterflies and moths or not present in Croatia
[Number of photos: 21]
Habitats
Butterfly babitats
Butterfly habitats and plants that butterflies and caterpillars feed on
[Number of photos: 15]