Protected butterfly species in Croatia

According to the Nature Protection Act of 2013 (NN 80/13), i.e. the Rulebook on Strictly Protected Species (NN 144/13), 26 species of butterflies are strictly protected in Croatia. For some of these species, only certain subspecies are protected.

  • Clouded Apollo
    Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758)
    [Number of photos: 21]
  • Apollo
    Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758)
    [Number of photos: 11]
  • Southern Festoon
    Zerynthia polyxena (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
    [Number of photos: 26]
  • Eastern Festoon
    Allancastria cerisyi (Godart, 1824)
    Only the subspecies Dalmatian Eastern Festoon (Allancastria cerisyi dalmacijae (Sala & Bollino, 1994)) has been recorded in Croatia, but it has not been found for a long time.
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Swallowtail
    Papilio machaon (Linnaeus, 1758)
    [Number of photos: 17]
  • Southern Swallowtail
    Papilio alexanor (Esper, 1799)
    It has not been recorded recently, except for one observation on Biokovo from 2011.
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Fenton’s Wood White
    Leptidea morsei (Fenton, 1881)
    The territory of Europe, and therefore Croatia, is inhabited only by the subspecies Leptidea morsei major (Grund, 1905).
    [Number of photos: 1]
  • Danube Clouded Yellow
    Colias myrmidone (Esper, 1781)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Large Copper
    Lycaena dispar (Haworth, 1802)
    [Number of photos: 20]
  • Grecian Copper
    Lycaena ottomanus (Lefebvre, 1830)
    [Number of photos: 2]
  • Large Blue
    Phengaris arion (Linnaeus, 1758)
    [Number of photos: 7]
  • Scarce Large Blue
    Phengaris teleius (Bergsträsser, 1779)
    [Number of photos: 15]
  • Dusky Large Blue
    Phengaris nausithous (Bergsträsser, 1779)
    [Number of photos: 5]
  • Alcon Blue
    Phengaris alcon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
    The subspecies Mountain Alcon Blue (Phengaris alcon rebeli (Hirscke, 1904)) is also present.
    [Number of photos: 7]
  • Damon Blue
    Polyommatus damon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
    [Number of photos: 5]
  • Freyer's Purple Emperor
    Apatura metis (Freyer, 1829)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Scarce Fritillary
    Euphydryas maturna (Linnaeus, 1758)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Marsh Fritillary
    Euphydryas aurinia (Rottemburg, 1775)
    [Number of photos: 18]
  • Scarce Tortoiseshell
    Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, 1781)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • False Comma
    Nymphalis vaualbum (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • False Ringlet
    Coenonympha oedippus (Fabricius, 1787)
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Woodland Brown
    Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763)
    [Number of photos: 16]
  • Silky Ringlet
    Erebia gorge (Hübner, 1804)
    Only the endemic subspecies Velebit's Silky Ringlet (Erebia gorge vagana (Lorković, 1954)) is endangered and strictly protected.
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Styrian Ringlet
    Erebia stirius (Godart, 1824)
    In addition to the basic species, there are two endemic subspecies - Gorana's Styrian Ringlet (Erebia stirius gorana (Lorković, 1985)) and Klek's Styrian Ringlet (Erebia stirius kleki (Lorković, 1955)). Both subspecies are endangered and strictly protected.
    [Number of photos: 0]
  • Bright Eyed Ringlet
    Erebia oeme (Hübner, 1804)
    Only the endemic subspecies Bright large-eyed Ringlet (Erebia oeme megaspodia (Mladinov & Lorković, 1979)) is critically endangered and strictly protected.
    [Number of photos: 21]
  • Dalmatian Ringlet
    Proterebia afra (Fabricius, 1787)
    Only the subspecies Dalmatian Ringlet (Proterebia afra dalmata (Godart, 1824)) has been recorded.
    [Number of photos: 2]